Tuberclosis


This paper is a review of evidence on a communicable disease topic of choice. Your review will examine the strength of a relationship between a communicable disease and a possible related variable/factor/consequence. Topics should be on links that are still not clearly established (i.e. do not research HPV and cervical cancer). Topics listed will be send to you. Assignment information: Conduct a literature review of professional journals, government/ agency reports. The paper will consist of the following sections: 1.Introduction Section: An introduction and brief summary of the communicable disease topic.

TThis paragraph should be a single paragraph that summarizes all of the points you want to make. a. A thesis statement that provides direction for the paper, either by statements of position or hypothesis. b. Briefly summarize the communicable disease (i.e. Tuberculosis) and it’s impact on human health. Who is affected by it? What are the risk factors for the problem? What are the economic and social consequences of the disease? c. Briefly highlight your topic (i.e. Tuberculosis and DOTS) for the paper and why it should be researched. d. What priority steps do you recommend be taken to address the problem and what is your rationale for these recommendations? Think of course concepts (i.e. prevention, control, surveillance, strategies etc.) The introduction/issue section may look something like this: “The Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) strategy is a proven, costeffective means for reducing mortality in the developing world. About AAA people die every year of TB in _______ (country and/or globally). The incidence of TB is YYY. About UUU people in _____ (country and/or globally) get drug-resistant TB every year and about HHH% of those who are infected with HIV have active TB disease. TB affects largely the urban and rural poor and stems from poverty, general ill health, and the lack of coverage of our health services. TB causes illness for an extended period, stops people from working, causes them to spend large amounts on health, and leads many families into poverty. DOTs is a low cost approach to TB diagnosis and treatment that is not used sufficiently. We must immediately expand the DOTs program, starting in the north, where the disease burden is highest. We must increase case detection and treatment success rates. We must also pay special attention to the diagnosis and management of drug-resistant TB and to TB/HIV coinfection.”

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